Elimu Asilia

Kenya's Indigenous Knowledge

In 1995 President Daniel arap Moi awarded the Abasuba a singular recognition by establishing Suba district. The district, an administrative unit in the then Nyanza Province, is named after the local Suba people. The district has two constituencies: Mbita Constituency and Gwassi constituency allowing Suba representation in the national parliament. Suba District is administratively divided into 5 divisions; Central, Gwassi, Lambwe, Mbita and Mfangano.  After  devolution in 2010, the district became part of  Homa Bay County  whose headquarters is Homa Bay town.  In 2012 Subaland was divided into two regions, Suba North and Suba South, but maintained the five divisions.

The 1999 census indicates a population of 155,666 in an area of 1,055 km².

Source: www.UNESCO.org and Elimu Asilia workshop in April 2015 at Mbita

Subaland is hilly, but the people have settled in the relatively flat areas. Rusinga Island is a large central hill flanked by several smaller hills. Rusinga Island has an elongated shape measuring about 16 Km by 3 Km. Mfangano island has more rugged terrain and is larger in size than Rusinga. The smaller islands, basically submerged hills include Kiduogi (Kimapwonda), Embasa Namwere, Takawiri, Rungwiti, Atego, Sikri, Angode and Mbas. On the mainland, Gembe hills which are still Suba land are comprised of spread out rolling hills. Kaksingri and Gwassi are also hilly, but Gwassi is sheltered by undulating countryside. The hills, islands and associated forests are valued by the community.

Source: www.UNESCO.org and Elimu Asilia workshop in April 2015 at Mbita